Basilica

   A type of Roman building that was used for the first great Christian churches built by Constantine I (q.v.). Previous Roman basilicas were used for a variety of public purposes, e.g., law courts, audience halls, and covered markets. The simplest basilicas were halls without adjacent aisles. More complex ones had a vestibule (called a narthex [q.v.]) leading to a central nave, with narrower side aisles, above which could be galleries. The nave could terminate in a rectangular or semicircular apse. The basic design, which is flexible and open to a variety of permutations of its individual components (e.g., the Domed Basilica [q.v.]), proved suitable for the development of the Christian liturgy. In a larger sense, the Christian basilica illustrates the interplay of continuity and transformation that in Constantine's reign began to reshape the Roman Empire into what is today referred to as Byzantium (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Basílica — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Basílica de San Marcos (Venecia) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Basilica — • The term can indicate either the architectural style of a church, or its canonical status Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Basilica     Basilica      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • BASILICA — (Greek βασιλική, talmudic בָּסִילְקִי), elongated rectangular building divided by colonnades. During the Roman period this term was broadened from the narrow meaning of a meeting place for merchants to any assembly hall. In particular the term… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Basilica — Ba*sil i*ca, n.; pl. {Basilicas}; sometimes {Basilic[ae]} ( s[=e]). [L. basilica, Gr. basilikh (sc. o iki a or stoa fr. basiliko s royal, fr. basiley s king.] 1. Originally, the palace of a king; but afterward, an apartment provided in the houses …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • basilica — /ba zilika/ s.f. [dal lat. basilĭca, gr. basilikḗ (stoá ) (portico) regio ]. (eccles.) [edificio di culto cristiano il cui tipo architettonico deriva dalla basilica romana] ▶◀ ‖ abbazia, arciabbazia, arcibasilica, cattedrale, certosa, duomo,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • basílica — (Del lat. basilĭca, y este del gr. βασιλική, regia). 1. f. Cada una de las trece iglesias de Roma, siete mayores y seis menores, que se consideran como las primeras de la cristiandad en categoría y gozan de varios privilegios. 2. Iglesia notable… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Basilĭca [2] — Basilĭca (gr.), 1) (Rechtsw.), s. Basiliken; 2) Basilica vena (Basilische Vene, Anat.), oberflächliche Vene des Armes, am Vorderarme häufig zum Aderlassen gewählt, s.u. Armvenen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • basilica — 1540s, from L. basilica building of a court of justice, and, by extension, church built on the plan of one, from Gk. (stoa) basilike royal (portal), the portico of the archon basileus, the official who dispensed justice in Athens, from basileus… …   Etymology dictionary

  • basílica — s. f. 1. Templo principal. 2. O clero e os prelados da basílica. 3. Relicário. 4. Insígnia da Igreja patriarcal, em forma de pavilhão …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • basílica — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: historia Edificio rectangular que en la antigua Roma era destinado a la administración de justicia o al comercio. 2. Cada una de las trece iglesias de Roma consideradas como las primeras de la cristiandad en categoría …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Basilica — Ba*sil i*ca, n. A digest of the laws of Justinian, translated from the original Latin into Greek, by order of Basil I., in the ninth century. P. Cyc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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